Snake jasmine

Snake jasmine is used in Indian traditional medicine to treat ringworm, as an aphrodisiac, to stop external bleeding and is considered by some to be an antidote to snake bites.

In the late 18th and early 19th centuries the East India Company controlled much of the Indian subcontinent. Keen to exploit and export valuable natural commodities, the Company set out to record the flora of India and commissioned Indian artists to create detailed botanical illustrations. Many of the plants were known through their use in Ayurvedic medicine. One of the world’s oldest medicinal systems, it has been practised in India for 3,000 years.

Company School style paintings became popular with wealthy Europeans. It was not uncommon for East India Company officials (who were not employed as medics or botanists) to build their own personal collections of paintings depicting Indian flora and fauna. We cannot be sure how local amateur botanist Richard Cresswell came by this collection of 86 Company School works. It is possible Henry Creighton commissioned them during his time as a judge in Calcutta and that on his death the works came back to the UK with his daughter Frances who later married Richard Cresswell.

Object Summary

Accession Loan No.
Collection Class
watercolour on paper
Common Name
snake jasmine
Simple Name
Inscription Transcription
HERB. MUS. EXON CRESSWELL COLLECTION 19/1927; Rhinacanthus Masutus O Ktze; No 47
Period Classification
George III (1760-1811)
Production Town
Production County
Production Country
Production Person Surname
Production Year Low
Production Year High

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Rhinacanthus nasutus O Ktze