Cuneiform envelope and tablet

This is an ancient Mesopotamian clay envelope with a clay tablet still sealed inside. It lists animals to be sacrificed for the deities Shara and Gula, from the city ruler Akalla. The envelope is sealed by Ninmarki, the cupbearer official.

Object Summary

Accession Loan No.
Collection Class
Foreign archaeology
Collection Area Region
Western Asia (Middle East and Near East)
Collector Excavator
Corkill, N.L., Dr
Common Name
cuneiform envelope and tablet
Simple Name
Inscription Transcription
One best barley-fed ox, two barley-fed sheep. Two sheep, two lambs, (for Shara); One best barley-fed ox, two barley-fed sheep, two sheep, two lambs, (for) Gula; offerings (on behalf of ) the king from Akalla, governor of Umma; sealed by Nin- MAR.KI-ka the 'libator'. Month of the barley harvest, year after (the year in which) Simanum was destroyed.
Production Date

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cuneiform tablet in clay envelope